May 18, 2015

Who are the Real Boston Marathon Bombers? Part 1

Who are the Real Boston Marathon Bombers? Part 2

Before He Was Killed by Law Enforcement Employees, Boston Marathon Bombing Muslim Patsy, Tamerlan Tsarnaev, Shouted, "We Didn't Do It," and His Brother and U.S. Citizen, Dzhokhar, While Hiding in a Boat from the Government Manhunt, Wrote: "US Government is Killing Our Innocent Civilians"


Mindful that this affidavit may be filed or displayed as an offer of proof with her authorization in public proceedings contemplated by the laws of the United States of America, and in reliance upon Title 28 of the United States Code, Section 1746, Dzhamaly Tsarnaev deposes and says:

I, Tsarnaev Dzhamaly Maazovich, born in 1954 year in the town of Tokmak, Kyrgyzstan, and at the present time residing in Russia, being the citizen of the Russian Federation. I am the paternal uncle of Anzor Tsarnaev, the father of Tamerlan and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev. Anzor’s father, Zaindi Tsarnaev, now deceased, was my (first) cousin.

The verdict reached by the jury at the Boston court trial against Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was unexpected for me and my relatives.
From the first day, we possess multiple facts of the absolute non-involvement of the Tsarnaev brothers, Tamerlan and Dzhokhar, in the bombings at the Boston marathon.

For two years, starting from June 2013 to April 2015, me, personally, and members of my family, brother Said-Hussein, sisters Roza and Taus, as well as family members of Anzor Tsarnaev, repeatedly talked at the meetings that took place during the visits of defense lawyers appointed by the USA government to protect the legal interests of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev in criminal proceedings. The lawyers and their invited experts to this case, as they introduced themselves to us, had visited Grozny (Chechnya) and Makhachkala (Dagestan), at the least fourteen times.

I had repeatedly personally met and talked with them. On some occasions, during the talks with lawyers and members of their team, I had participated together with Anzor and my other relatives. For two years, our meetings and the contents of conversations were, it seemed to me, of a strange nature. Representatives of the defense team for Dzhokhar were collecting information about everything: our way of life, our lives, the origin of the Tsarnaev family tree, where we work, what contacts we have. They were interested in everything, except the facts proving the innocence of the Tsarnaev brothers, to which we had unsuccessfully tried to draw the attention of defense, because we were openly ignored. Representatives of the defense team were confident in the innocence of the brothers, Tamerlan and Dzhokhar; in particular, the lead defense lawyer Judy Clarke herself agreed, adding in the conversation, "we know it – they are innocent."

From the words of my brother, Said-Khussein Tsarnaev, I learned that on August 7, 2014 (it was their second visit to Grozny; the first visit took place in June 2014), at the meeting with representatives of the defense team, which took place at the hotel "Grozny – City", Charlene, who presented herself as an independent investigator involved in the case by Dzhokhar's lawyers; Jane, presented as a social worker and psychologist; and Olga (a translator from New Jersey, who arrived with the team), translating the conversation, openly admitted to my brother that they knew that Dzhokhar and Tamerlan were not guilty of the bombings, and with this they were apologizing that the Tsarnaevs have had to endure the tragedy involving criminal allegations.

My last personal conversation with the representative of Dzhokhar's lawyers team, Alicia, introduced to me as assistant to the state-appointed defense attorney, during which I had to speak through an interpreter named Elena, a Russian by birth and supposedly residing in the United States, took place on April 14, 2015, in Moscow.

The details of that meeting are as follows: on April 10, 2015, I was in the city of Orel, where I live with my wife and children, and Elena called me on behalf of Alicia and requested to come on April 13, 2015 to Moscow for a very serious conversation. The distance from Orel to Moscow is 420 kilometers (c. 260 miles), but considering that the conversation was promised to be "very serious", thereby suggesting that it may also be important for Dzhokhar, I took the journey to meet with Alicia on the specified date.

I had met with Alicia and Elena on April 14, 2015 at noon in the hall of the "Ararat – Hyatt" hotel. Later we moved to a cafe on the second floor. Our conversation lasted around 40 minutes. And suddenly Alicia said to me, "Dzhokhar's guilt has been proven by the prosecution in court, please convince Dzhokhar to take the blame for the bombings in the marathon so that he is not given the death penalty." I was shocked by her revelation and request, and said, "what are you talking about, we and you both know that the boys are innocent and there is a lot of conclusive evidence of it, and representatives of the defense, who visited earlier in Dagestan and Chechnya, admitted to us that they had known themselves that Tamerlan and Dzhokhar were not involved in the Boston bombings." To this Alicia had stated, "If Dzhokhar does not accept the guilt and does not express remorse, then the court will issue him a death sentence, however Dzhokhar is insisting upon his own, that he is ready to die rather than allow for Tamerlan to be blamed for the bombings and to plead guilty for himself and his brother."

I knew from Dzhokhar's parents at the same time in March-April 2015 that Dzhokhar had told them that he was ready to die, however his mother, Zubeidat, presented this readiness to us in her own interpretation, as it sounded in her words "he is ready to die for the sake of Allah", hiding the true reason behind Dzhokhar's words, giving his words and actions some sign of religiosity.

Only after talking to Alicia it became perfectly clear to me why Dzhokhar says such words. I realized that, unfortunately, Dzhokhar's mother did not fully divulge what might be hidden behind the words of "Dzhokhar's readiness to die." Now I am convinced that Dzhokhar, knowing of his innocence in the bombings, having lost any hope for a fair trial, seeing inaction and complete lack of legal defense, insists upon his readiness to face a death sentence rather than accept the blame for the bombings, which neither he nor his brother had committed.

I asked Alicia to explain why the defense was not using in the court proceedings the commonly known facts of the non-involvement and innocence of the Tsarnaev brothers. I stated that it should be known to her that in the USA many innocent people were sentenced to life imprisonment and given the death penalty, who after 30 and 40 years had been exonerated from crimes and released free, and to avoid this happening to Dzhokhar, I called on her of the necessity to involve all potential witnesses, whom under various pretexts the FBI had isolated, so that they are not allowed to testify in favor of the defendant Dzhokhar Tsarnaev. At that same moment I had admitted to Alicia that we have collected many documents proving the complete innocence of Tamerlan and Dzhokhar and that we intended to present them to the court. Alicia asked if I could show her these documents. I categorically refused to show them, and said that I shall present them in the right place and at the right time. After this she asked, "How do you intend to bring them into the USA?" At that time, US visas were supposedly being arranged for the Tsarnaevs, including myself; in any case, Alicia on the previous visit in February 2015 had collected from us the information, passport details and photos of me and my sister, Roza Tsarnaeva. Later, Alicia repeatedly consulted with us, saying "you will be able to travel, your documents will soon be ready, do not refuse the trip." We did not intend to abandon the trip, as we were determined to take part in the trial by presenting the evidence of the brothers' innocence through Dzhokhar's lawyers.

After my conversation with Alicia held on April 14, 2015 in Moscow, the Tsarnaevs were refused entry visas to the United States for participation in the court trial. It is exactly for this reason that not a single representative of the Tsarnaev family had been present at the court trial in Boston.

Date ___________________

Signature ___________________________  Dzhamaly Tsarnaev

EMERGENCY! FBI Boston Covery-up Bigger Than 9/11

Five weeks after the Boston Marathon bombings, "new details" emerged, with police claiming that Tamerlan Tsarnaev was killed on Laurel Street in Watertown, Massachusetts around 1:00 AM on April 19, 2013, after he "walked toward law enforcement officers, firing his gun until he appeared to run out of bullets." Although there were many police vehicles on Laurel Street in Watertown, no footage from their dashboard cameras was released to the public. It was never reported whether or not any police officers on the scene were wearing body cameras. The shootout at Watertown lasted less than 10 minutes, with explosive devices going off in addition to gunfire.

UPDATE: Naked man arrest in Watertown, MA related to Boston Marathon Bombings

CNN was at the scene, as was photojournalist Gabe Ramirez (video above). He said he was on Nichols and Dexter Streets, along with a couple of other journalists, and it was a chaotic scene, with police from a multitude of agencies, all with their weapons drawn, pointing at a vehicle that they couldn't see from their vantage point. They were screaming for somebody to put his hands up and to get out of the car. At some point, Tamerlan did do that because they could then see that the officers were relaxing. They ordered him to take off all his clothes, including his underwear. He and the other journalists still couldn't see the car or the suspect while this was happening. They first saw Tamerlan when police brought him to a police car, and they could see that Tamerlan was completely naked and handcuffed from behind when they put him into a police car. Some time later several FBI agents arrived. Tamerlan was put in pants and a jacket by then but they could see that he was still barefoot when FBI agents removed him from the police vehicle. The FBI agents walked him over to a building and put him up against it as they shined flashlights in his face, and it looked like they were taking photos of him. Then they walked him back to the police vehicle and started to question him for 5 to 10 minutes, before putting him back into the vehicle. The report abruptly ends without getting all the details from Gabe; however, he said he had captured what he witnessed on film. That footage was never released to the public and was not presented at Dzhokhar's trial.

The following is an excerpt from the transcript of CNN's live coverage of the scene in Watertown, which aired on April 19, 2013 - 02:00 AM ET.
GRIFFIN: Gabe Ramirez, a photo journalist, arrived in time to see that arrest taking place. A suspect, a white male suspect, was told to strip completely naked. Those are the pictures we have. And we are not showing to you them because we basically have to blur certain parts of that. That person is marched, escorted by four police officers into a police vehicle and escorted away in that police vehicle. That is how that arrest took place.

Go ahead. I'm just hearing this -- this is coming from Gabe Ramirez, photojournalist, at another vantage point says that this suspect has just been taken out of the car by FBI agents who are on the scene and are questioning him. And are questioning him. Are they in another car?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: No, they were on the street.

GRIFFIN: They were on the street. Is the man still naked?

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes. They've got him on the sidewalk and he's still naked. [This contradicts what Gabe said live at the scene in the video above.]

GRIFFIN: The man is on the sidewalk, still naked, now being questioned by FBI agents. This is coming to us from Gabe Ramirez, a photojournalist from CNN, who has a different vantage point than I do, Jake.

TAPPER: Just to recap, the same individual who was arrested earlier, who was stripped naked, presumably out of precaution to make sure he didn't have any explosives on him, the Massachusetts police having said that there were explosives used in the incident in Watertown this evening, but the first suspect to whom you're referring, who was apprehended, he was taken out of a car and questioned again, that's what you're saying, according to Gabe Ramirez?

GRIFFIN: Yes. Gabe, this is the same exact person, right? Yes, he was taken out of the car. He was questioned by federal agents -- Gabe, stop me if I'm saying anything inaccurate. He was placed against a wall and he was photographed by these FBI agents. Appears to be photographed. OK, they had -- flashlight in his face. And has that questioning ended now, Gabe? Put him back in the very same car. It was a Boston police car? Can't tell but appears to be a local police car. So this suspect, and this suspect is still in that local police car? All right, hold on.

JULIETTE KAYYEM, CNN NATIONAL SECURITY ANALYST (via phone): Well, just basically watching and reading and passing by probably about 30 police cars from transit police -- excuse me, transit police, state police, Boston police, Cambridge police, all of them. Obviously, something big is going on. And what we have to remember, there's three different incidents. There's the marathon attack, with the city very much on edge and a strong presence in the city. Then you have a police officer shot at MIT in Cambridge. And the geography is that the MIT campus -- the part of campus where that is actually not that far from commonwealth avenue, Boylston Avenue, those areas where the marathon is run. It's probably no more than a half mile. A police officer being killed is a should be and is a big deal, so you would see lots and lots of activity.

But as Jake Tapper was saying, you wouldn't necessarily see federal activity because these are local and state events. It's probably right now because there's so much federal presence here that anything like this would generate a lot of activity. You then have a third incident and we can't tie yet is whether the MIT killing and what's going on in Watertown, which is not far but not really that close to MIT, whether that is actually related.

CHURCH: That was certainly being reported earlier on our affiliate WCVB. If we just go back over the scene there because it's interesting, you are right in the middle of it there in Watertown. Describe the situation. What is the scene? Is it still chaotic?

GRIFFIN: The scene is just like this. Police cars coming in, police cars coming out. Officers showing up, officers leaving. Police with guns, police without guns. Three people I've seen have been wearing FBI attire. That's it, three, out of many, I would say almost 100 or more police officers who are from the local departments. There are many local departments here. Boston, Cambridge, state police, transit police, but they -- the general grouping is they are local. I have not seen a huge federal presence here at all. You can draw attention, you know, you're assumption is either way right now. But right now this seems like a very, very big local police presence here and not a whole lot of federal people.
New Witness of Naked Suspect (Marathon Bombing: Seth Mnookin)

Another witness, award-winning journalist and author, Seth Mnookin, saw police arrest a naked and uninjured Tamerlan (video above). He said there were well over 100 police in tactical gear, at least a half dozen different agencies, including the FBI, multiple SWAT trucks and bomb squad trucks, and officers in camouflage gear. Law enforcement immediately told the press that there was a logical connection between the killing of MIT police officer Sean Collier, the carjacking, and the suspects being surrounded in Watertown.

Another witness to the shootout in Watertown called into a radio station and said that she and others with her in her home on Dexter Street saw the first suspect (Tamerlan) get hit (not run-over) by a police SUV and then after he was hit get shot multiple times, and minutes later an ambulance arrived and they put him into it. She said she did not see the first suspect (Tamerlan) fire a gun. She said that from the injuries he received, he was probably dead when he was put into the ambulance. 
Patriots Day (2016) : Original footages? And death of the old...

by heisenberg12
» Sat Jan 14 2017 20:29:26|
IMDb member since January 2015
Post Edited: Sat Jan 14 2017 20:40:47
Actually, related to this, I watched the whole live news unfold that night and at one point, live cameras caught a butt naked Tamerlan handcuffed and being escorted and placed in a police vehicle. Even the reporter covering it right there said that was the suspect and he was taken in custody. It really looked just like him. You can look up some of the footage on YouTube.

Next thing you know, sort of like a cover up, the story changed and they said that suspect was deceased and that the handcuffed guy wasn't him; it was just a civilian bystander who happened to be walking down the same street at what, 2 in the morning?

So, point is, there is still a good chance that they just said his brother ran him over for whatever reason, maybe just to humiliate them more and look stupid, but I thought they could have apprehended him and been so mad at these two, especially the older one, that rather than lock him up, they just killed him somewhere. Who knows, maybe they were so mad, they ran him over too.

I thought their justification might have been that it was an act of war and fair game when they started throwing IED's at the LE officers and also that he killed a cop, the MIT guy. I was actually hoping the film would shock at the end and add that surprise twist as a possibility, which could have made it very powerful and brought up how the media can twist and cover up what actually takes place and ideas of justice in such events.

It was less than three years ago and I recall it like yesterday.

Anyone who followed live footage that night saw Tamerlan being escorted alive in a police vehicle, unless you believe twin lookalike was walking the same street at that moment at 1-2 in the morning.

by roncell
» Sun Jan 15 2017 22:03:50
IMDb member since March 2006
Post Edited: Sun Jan 15 2017 22:06:34
So why don't you grow a brain and check it out for yourself. Or better yet, just check out this link...

I too saw the media coverage showing the older Tsarnev brother walking around in police custody prior to his untimely demise. This was NOT depicted in the movie as it happened. Not everything is a conspiracy theory... at least for those of us who don't appreciate having our news spoon-fed to us.

by MonsterJoe
» Mon Jan 16 2017 11:27:05
IMDb member since October 2003
Heisenberg12 is correct I watched the live footage that same night and saw the older brother was made to strip down completely naked and was put in the cruiser. There is still footage of this on you tube. I'm not sure what happened after he got in the car but I have a hard time believing anything associated with this event.

by heisenberg12
» Tue Jan 17 2017 00:03:43
IMDb member since January 2015
So you're giving in to the notion that a Tamerlan twin lookalike just so happened to be walking the streets of Watertown at 1-2 in the morning....Okay. That's fine. Great odds your're going up against but okay...

The young man in the video who the live cnn reporter even said was "the suspect taken into custody" was a spitting image also of tamerlan. This really happened and isn't conspiracy at all. If you want to believe a twin lookalike was right there at the scene in Watertown at the same time, then it could be. It looks like a quiet suburb but I'm not from there so maybe people were out walking around. It was Wednesday or Thursday night though and it's not new York city, the city that never sleeps. anyway, maybe it wasn't him, but it you saw it live or if you watch the cnn video and other footage, it looks exactly like him. if you watched in real time live, you would know more because anyone who did watched the reporter and he interviewed a few LE officers and they said that was the suspect. It was live news. It is what it is. Research and believe what you want.

Well I saw it on CNN so...the reporter even said it. That's why it was striking.
The government's official story is that Tamerlan was shot by police and, afterward, Dzhokar, trying to escape, ran over him with an SUV that the brothers had carjacked two or so hours earlier. However, medical examiners ruled out that Tamerlan could have been run-over by an SUV: 
Despite claims in the media which originated from law enforcement, Dr. Richard Wolfe, head of the hospital’s Emergency Department, could not see any evidence of this claim. The Boston Herald reported: “When asked about reports that Tsarnaev was run over by a vehicle driven by his fleeing brother, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, Wolfe said he did not see any obvious injuries that would back up that theory. “I certainly did not see any tire marks or the usual things we see with someone run over by a car,” he said. [Source]
At 5:54 a.m. EDT on April 19, 2013, USA TODAY reported that Tamerlan was pronounced dead at Beth Israel Deaconness Medical Center, and that "doctors there said the suspect was in cardiac arrest when he arrived, with multiple gunshot wounds and trauma on his trunk from an explosion." The photo of his deceased body (see Who are the Real Boston Marathon Bombers? Part 2) matches this early report, not the later reports claiming Dzhokhar ran over Tamerlans's body with a carjacked SUV.

There are no witnesses or surveillance footage of the alleged carjacking, but there is audio from a police scanner, with officers saying that at least one suspect was in an SUV stolen from the State police:
"We have the gold cars in route to Watertown. I think they have a stolen truck from the State police. Be advised, another shot being fired in our stolen SUV from the State police. Copy, stolen SUV from State police... We're on the area of Laurel Street, suspects are here. We have a report there are explosives here on the scene. Definitely hand grenades and automatic gunfire. Dexter and Laurel."
911WhatYouMightHaveMissed reported on a recording of police radio as the events unfolded, which indicates that after Tamerlan was wounded by an explosive device and shot multiple times by police (which coincides with the early USA TODAY report), Dzhokhar, in an attempt to escape, stole a police SUV that was at the Watertown scene (or police were confused and he tried to escape in the stolen SUV) :
"Shots fired Dexter Street, loud explosives in between houses. Stolen police SUV. Plenty of officers here so expand perimeter. We have one in custody at gunpoint. We are at Spruce and Laurel. Need description of suspect at large. We're headed to the hospital with one of the suspects at Beth Israel." 
Dun “Danny” Meng's story includes an unbelievable confession from Tamerlan:
“He asked me a question, like, ‘Do you know the Boston explosion on Monday?’ I said, ‘yes.’ He said, you know, ‘I did that. And I just killed a policeman in Cambridge.’”
Sibel Edmonds on the Boston Bombing: The US roots of "Chenchen"

Taking the facts above into consideration, the logical conclusion is that Tamerlan, after being forced to strip naked, was taken alive, handcuffed and put into a police vehicle. He then was given pants and a jacket. When the FBI arrived on the scene a few minutes later, they escorted him from the police vehicle to the side of a building, where they photographed him. They then returned him to the vehicle and questioned him for 5 to 10 minutes. At some point, he was removed from the police car and was hit, not run over, by a police SUV that Dzhokhar stole from the scene in an attempt to escape (or the police were confused and he was in the stolen SUV). An unarmed Tamerlan was then shot multiple times and was wounded by an explosive device, after being questioned, naked, in Watertown by the FBI..

The story told by Danny about Tamerlan confessing to shooting the MIT officer is a concoction by the FBI. Also concocted by the FBI is Stephen Silva's testimony that he loaned Dzhokhar the Ruger P95 9mm pistol used to kill MIT police officer Sean Collier (see comments to this blog post on Silva's plea deal with the feds in exchange for his testimony at Tsarnaev's trial). Neither of the Tsarnaev brothers had a gun and neither of them shot Collier (see comments to this blog post about the 7-11 robbery). This is confirmed by MIT's online edition of The Tech, which reported on April 18, 2013, that the gun used to shoot Collier was recovered at the scene of the shooting, and the fact the authorities claimed that the Ruger allegedly used by the Tsarnaevs to shoot Collier was also used to shoot officers in Watertown.
MIT police officer shot near Stata Center, confirmed dead

A previous version of this story incorrectly stated the location of the shooting. The officer was shot outside, between the Stata Center and Building 76, not inside.

By Greg Steinbrecher, STAFF REPORTER; LAST UPDATED AT 12:27 A.M. 4/19/13
MIT's, The Tech, Online Edition

Shortly before 10:30 p.m. Thursday evening, an MIT police officer was shot near the Stata Center, and has been confirmed dead by the Cambridge Police Department. Though the weapon used to shoot the officer has been recovered, the shooter is still at large.

A postdoctoral student working in Building 76 called the MIT Police at about 10:25 p.m. to report loud sounds, possibly gunshots. The injured officer was found at 10:31 p.m. and was transported to Massachusetts General Hospital.

The area around Building 32 was quickly cordoned off from pedestrians. In a faster response than other recent emergency situations, MIT’s alert system was active within 30 minutes; the first report The Tech has been able to confirm at time of publication is 10:55 p.m. By that point, social media had exploded with warnings to stay away from the area around the Stata Center.
The shootout on Laurel Street in Watertown was one-sided (as was the shootout later that day at the boat Dzhokhar was hiding in), all coming from various law enforcement agencies, including the FBI.

Ibragim Todashev is an example of what could happen if you don't cooperate with the feds. On May 22, 2013, five weeks after the Boston Marathon bombings, Todashev was shot and killed by FBI agents in his Orlando apartment after allegedly admitting that he and Tamerlan killed three of Tamerlan’s friends in what appeared to be a drug deal gone wrong in 2011.

One of Dzhokhar's friend was targeted by the feds and reached a plea deal to shorten his sentence. In July 2014, after telling police during a November 2013 marijuana bust, “I smoke a lot of weed every day because my best friend was the bomber,” Stephen Silva, a childhood friend of Dzhokhar, was arrested for dealing heroin and for possession of a firearm with a partially obliterated serial number (the Ruger 9mm pistol used to kill Collier). He pleaded guilty to the drug and gun charges in a plea deal with federal prosecutors. The deal included him testifying at Dzhokhar's trial that he loaned him the gun used to kill MIT Officer Sean Collier. In exchange for this testimony, the 40-year sentence he faces could be reduced to five years (see the comment on this blog post starting at 8:38 AM on May 14 for history on the gun).

Prior to July 2014, one of the lingering questions since the Boston Marathon bombings was, "Where did the suspects get the gun that authorities say they used to kill a university police officer?" In July 2014, when Silva was indicted, investigators immediately disclosed to the press that Silva supplied his friend Dzhokhar with the weapon. A July 23, 2014 report quoted anonymous sources: "The 9 mm Ruger pistol described in the indictment is the same handgun that was used to kill Massachusetts Institute of Technology police officer Sean Collier during the manhunt for the bombing suspects, according to the two people, who spoke on condition of anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the investigation."

Attorneys for Dzhokhar Tsarnaev (who goes by the name "Jahar") argued in court motions that his older brother Tamerlan had been approached by the FBI to become an informant in the Boston region. The court request said “the FBI made more than one visit to talk with Tamerlan and his parents, Anzor and Zubeidat, to question Tamerlan about his internet searches and to ask him to be an informant, reporting on the Chechen and Muslim community,” according to WBUR Boston. reported on March 29, 2014 that in court motions the defense speculated that Tamerlan may have misinterpreted the intention of the conversations with the FBI, which may have acted as a “stressor that increased his paranoia and distress.”

Adam Goldman, and others at the Associated Press, attempted to piece together the story of Tamerlan. According to their article, family members said in the years before the Boston Marathon bombings, Tamerlan fell under the influence of a new friend, a slightly older, heavyset bald man with a long reddish beard who was a Muslim convert. Known by the Tsarnaev family only as Misha, he steered a religiously apathetic Tamerlan toward a strict strain of Islam. Under Misha's tutelage, Tamerlan gave up boxing and stopped studying music, his family said. He began opposing the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. He turned to websites and literature claiming that the CIA was behind the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, and Jews controlled the world.

Elmirza Khozhugov, who was married to Tamerlan and Dzhokhar's sister Ailina, testified at Dzhokhar's trial on May 6, 2015, from the U.S. Embassy in Kazakhstan. He said that when he was still married to Ailina, the couple spent a lot of time at the Tsarnaev family apartment in Cambridge. He testified that Misha, a friend of Tamerlan, taught him about Islam, suggested books to read, offered his own views. CNN reported on Khozhugov's testimony:
Tamerlan once introduced Khozhugov to an Armenian friend who was a convert to Islam. His name was Misha, and he was a mentor of sorts to Tamerlan, Khozhugov said. Zubeidat Tsarnaeva [Tamerlan and Dzhokhar's mother] welcomed Misha, who engaged in conversations about religion and politics. Tamerlan started to change during his friendship with Misha. He quit boxing and an acting class, Khozhugov said. He lost interest in music and began talking about conspiracy theories he picked up on the Internet. "He particularly told me that Misha told him it was not appropriate in Islam to box and that is why he stopped," he said.
Walter Katz, writing for The Week, commented on Misha being an FBI handler who radicalized Tameralan:
"It would be disturbing if Tamerlan Tsarnaev — and by extension his brother — was the product of an abandoned government sting operation, for we will never know if Tamerlan would have set on down the path of radicalism without the guiding hand of the red-bearded Misha."
Several members of the extended Tsarnaev family raised the possibility that a specific person was responsible for Tamerlan’s radicalization. Some accused the mysterious figure named “Misha” of encouraging Tamerlan’s zealousness. “It started in 2009. And it started right there, in Cambridge,” Tamerlan’s uncle, Ruslan Tsarni, said after the attacks. “This person just took his brain. He just brainwashed him completely.” Zubeidat, the brothers mother, explicitly credited Misha with opening her eyes to Islam: “I wasn’t praying until he prayed in our house, so I just got really ashamed that I am not praying, being a Muslim, being born Muslim,” she said. “I am not praying. Misha, who converted, was praying.” These accusations set off a frenzied search for the Armenian convert to Islam.

In late April 2013, FBI sources said that they believed they had located Misha and interviewed him, but journalists were unable to track him down. However, in April 2013, New York Review of Books journalist Christian Caryl tracked down Misha, the Armenian Muslim convert accused of brainwashing Tamerlan. Although there is no photo available online for Misha, whose full name is Mikhail Allakhverdov, he was described in April 2013 as a chubby 39-year-old man of medium height with a thin, reddish-blond beard who lived with his elderly parents in an modest, tiny apartment in a lower-middle-class neighborhood in West Warwick, Rhode Island. Allakhverdov's family — his father is an Armenian Christian and his mother is Ukrainian — reportedly moved to the U.S. from Azerbaijan's capital of Baku in the early 90s to escape growing persecution of Armenian Christians there.

Allakhverdov told Christian Caryl that he had known Tamerlan in Boston, where he lived until about 2009 or 2010, and that he had not had any contact with him since. Allakhverdov denied brainwashing the 26-year-old suspect, as alleged by the Tsarnaev's uncle Ruslan Tsarni. He denied having ever met the family members who were accusing him of radicalizing Tamerlan. "I wasn't his teacher. If I had been his teacher, I would have made sure he never did anything like this," Allakhverdov told Caryl. He confirmed he was a Muslim convert and said he has been cooperating with the FBI. "I gave them [FBI] my computer and my phone and everything they wanted to show I haven't done anything. They said they are about to return them to me. The agents who talked to me told me they are about to close my case," Allakhverdov said. He was eventually cleared by the FBI in the bomb plot.

The Tsarnaevs had rare family connections inside the American "deep state" that got their asylum application some special string-pulling. The only reporter who followed up on the deep state link [the state within a state, the shadow government, a hybrid entity of public and private institutions, which rules the U.S.] is Daniel Hopsicker of Mad Cow Morning News. In "‘Uncle Ruslan’ aided terrorists from CIA official’s home," he seems to demonstrate that the Congress of Chechen International Organizations was registered in 1995 by Ruslan Tsarni (the Tsarnaev's father's brother, who early in the investigation called them losers — see Who are the Real Boston Marathon Bombers? Part 2) out of the house of his then father-in-law Graham Fuller, the former vice chairman of the CIA's National Intelligence Council. And Hopsicker has a copy of a letter suggesting that Uncle Ruslan's NGO played middleman to deliver 2,500 pairs of combat boots to Chechen rebels from the Al-Qaeda front Benevolence International. They went to Sheik Fathi, a Jordanian of Chechen descent, who had spent 10 years fighting in Afghanistan. Since the postman would presumably deliver mail for Uncle Ruslan's operation to Mr. Fuller's mailbox, it's hard to imagine that Fuller, a Central Asian expert, was oblivious to the organization's general existence, although it's hard to say how much more deeply he was involved. [Uncle Ruslan's org funneled military supplies from Al-Qaeda to Chechen rebels]

During Dzhokhar's trial, the prosecution diverted public attention from the role others may have played in the attack. Dzhokhar did not take the stand on his behalf; therefore, the public was not able to learn more about his brother’s involvement with the feds. Instead, Dzhokhar’s attorneys admitted his guilt in opening and closing arguments. According to Lara Turner, his attorneys scuttled any attempt to use the trial as a truth-seeking mission:
The FBI has asserted that the Tsarnaev brothers were never sources for the agency nor did it attempt to recruit them as sources. But, after recent independent investigations, it’s no longer the purview of skeptics to wonder about the true nature of the FBI’s involvement with two young, arguably down-on-their-luck Muslims hailing from a region — Chechnya — rife with turmoil. In fact, the FBI commonly seeks out these types of young men for help as informants and to lead stings.

In the days leading up to jury deliberations in the Boston bombing trial — two New York women were arrested and charged with conspiracy to use weapons of mass destruction, citing the Boston Marathon bombings as inspiration. However, a criminal complaint revealed that an undercover law enforcement informant devised and facilitated the alleged plot. The complaint provided little evidence that the two women knew how to make a bomb before they were introduced to the informant. 
Researcher Trevor Aaronson, author of The Terror Factory: Inside the FBI’s Manufactured War on Terrorism, says that nearly half of the 508 defendants prosecuted for terrorism-related incidents between 9/11 and 2011 were prompted to act by informants — who were paid as much as $100,000 per assignment. Sting operations resulted in the prosecutions of 158 defendants. Among the most high-profile plots of the last decade investigated by Aaronson, only three lacked FBI involvement. According to Aaronson:
The sting is typically started with the FBI assigning an informant, "posing as a radical," to approach "the target." As the relationship develops, "the operative will propose a plot, provide explosives, even lead the target in a fake oath to Al Qaeda. Once enough incriminating information has been gathered, there's an arrest — and a press conference announcing another foiled plot." The question always remains, though, to what degree the plots come about from the target's own mind rather than through the machinations of the informant/agent provocateur.
Author and journalist Masha Gessen ponders the question of a cover-up in her book about the case, The Brothers: The Road to an American Tragedy, released on April 7, 2015. Gessen suggests that the FBI deliberately kept police at arm’s length as they were pursuing the brothers “because it needed to ensure that no other law enforcement got to Tamerlan Tsarnaev before the FBI had captured — or killed — him. In other words, the explanation that best fits the facts is a cover-up.”

Scott Creighton asked the question: Why would the FBI need to enlist our help to identify someone they fully investigated in 2011? The following is an excerpt from his report.
If you take the statements made by the family members of the Tsarnaev brothers separately you come to the understanding that something is horribly wrong with the official story of what happened at the Boston marathon bombing. You just can’t put your finger on it.

But if you take the time to consider all of their statements together as a whole, alongside the FBI’s own acknowledgement of their investigation into the older brother, Tamerlan, and then recall what we know about the Craft International assets on site under the cover of being there in an official capacity, what you come to conclude is that it looks like the FBI used a confidential informant (CI) to lure the brothers to the finish line of the Boston marathon so they could be set up as the patsies for this false flag event. Not to have them be complicit in the bombing but just to put them in the wrong place at the right time so they could be framed for this attack.

Using CIs to manipulate”terrorism” patsies is standard operating procedure for the FBI.

The first thing to remember is that this is the task of the FBI these days. They use CIs, people with criminal charges hanging over their heads, to lure unsuspecting, often half-witted dupes, into entrapment plots that the FBI can then foil and claim they saved us from a terrorist attack they themselves made. There are multiple examples of even the mainstream media exposing this fact on both sides of the artificial ideological divide in the press. Glenn Greenwald and many others have written about this standard operating procedure of the FBI much better than I have and to more critical acclaim. But perhaps the most well known example of this being exposed even by the main stream is the Judge Napolitano segment on Fox News (see "FBI Fake Terror Plots History" video below).

FBI Fake Terror Plots History: Judge Napolitano

The constitutionality of this practice is not up for debate any longer. What the FBI is doing as an institution is immoral and unethical. The FBI essentially hire the dregs of society with your tax dollars to go out and effectively find dupes around which they can manufacture a terrorist plot. These patsies effectively become contractors for the Justice Department and are told to produce said plots for cash and freedom. They are threatened with prosecution of whatever crimes they have committed.

On all accounts, from every angle, it is one of the most despicable misuses of federal authority one can imagine in a free society. The fact that it happens routinely in their ongoing domestic  “war on terror” is not up for debate. It is not a controversial “conspiracy theory.” It is well documented fact. The FBI manipulates targets through the use of CIs.

So when the spotter [in the case of the Boston Marathon, an FBI agent at Whiskey's Steakhouse on Boylston Street] confirmed the Tsarnaev brothers had arrived, the operation was set in motion.

The FBI distanced themselves from the two at the start by pretending to need us to identify the boys, but as soon as the mother mentioned that the FBI had known them, they had a press release ready to go, as if they just remembered. This behavior in itself is more than incriminating.

With confirmation from the belligerent uncle [Ruslan Tsarni] that mysterious “mentors” were guiding and using the brothers [see more about the uncle from Scott Creighton's report at the end of this blog post], I don’t think we can come to any other conclusion than the FBI sent the Tsarnaevs there to take the blame.

Who were these outside influences? Were there FBI CIs [the mysterious Misha] assigned to work Tamerlan as a potential asset to be flipped into some future entrapment plot?

The FBI had made contact with the Tsarnaev family, had investigated them, and had continued contact thereafter. And the time frame fits with what the uncle was saying.

Could the FBI have green-lighted the Tsarnaev brothers as potential dupes, just like they have with so many other young men in the recent past, and then had their CI set them up to take the fall for this staged, mass-casualty event?

All it would have required was for the CI to call up Tamerlan and invite him and his brother to a late lunch downtown [at the Forum restaurant?], telling them to meet him near the finish line at a certain time [Dzhokhar stopped at the Forum while Tamerlan continued down the street toward the finish line, stopping in front of Lenscrafters]. That’s it. And there they are.

When you look at what he is saying, about knowing someone was influencing the young man, and you look at what the FBI did during the investigation and their history of setting people up as fall guys for their own plots and plans, you have to come away with at least a strong suspicion that these two men were handled by an FBI CI and brought to their destiny with destruction to serve a certain role in all of this.

Craft International operatives were in position waiting but what they needed was a patsy, much like the ones the FBI are so good at creating. And after all, it’s the FBI who will be investigating anyway.
The government threatened the Tsarnaevs' associates with deportation or prosecution on trumped up charges if they didn't cooperate in framing them.
Chinese national Dun "Danny" Meng most certainly was threatened to give false testimony. Meng, who was, and still is, in the U.S. on a work visa, testified for the prosecution.

The 911 dispatcher who took the call at 12:19 AM on April 19, 2013, immediately called Mercedes' GPS tracker system, and they gave 911 the location of the Mercedes, which was Dexter Street in Watertown. However, it wasn't until 30-40 minutes later, around 1:00 AM, that the Tsarvaevs were surrounded on Laurel Street by 100 law enforcement officers, including SWAT teams and bomb squad teams, from a multitude of agencies. The Tsarnaevs were under constant surveillance by the FBI, so the FBI knew exactly where they were when this was all going down and how to arrange for them to come to Watertown to meet Tamerlan's confidential informant.

So it took the FBI 30 minutes to work out their preliminary plan to frame the Tsarnaevs for the crimes (7-Eleven robbery and MIT shooting) starting at 10 PM on April 18, 2013, and to wrap it up dramatically with their capture in Watertown. The Tsarnaevs didn't have any guns or bombs. The shootout was all one-sided by LEOs. LEOs released to the press immediately, as the events were still unfolding in Watertown, that the Tsarnaevs were responsible for the 7-11 robbery, MIT murder, and Mercedes carjacking. However, 7-11 foiled their plans by announcing to the press that a 5' 11" Hispanic man who looked nothing like the Tsarnaevs robbed the store, so they had to drop that accusation. Margaret Chabris, the director of corporate communication at 7- Eleven, said the surveillance video of the crime released to the press by authorities was not taken at a 7-Eleven and that the suspect that did rob the 7-Eleven does not look like Tamerlan or Dzhokhar Tsarnaev: "The suspect in the photos for that particular 7-Eleven robbery looks nothing like the suspects," Chabris says. "The police or someone made a mistake. Someone was confused."

Over the months and years leading up to Dzhokhar's trial, the FBI fine-tuned its story and coerced fake testimony from the Tsarnaevs' associates by threatening deportation and imprisonment on false charges.

The brothers were wanted by the FBI, yet the only things found among their possessions in Watertown were a crudely-assembled remote control transmitter, Tamerlan’s high school diploma, a Russian-language document featuring a bearded photo of Tamerlan, a laptop computer [this must have been Tamerlan's because Dzhokhar's was in his dorm room at UMass Dartmouth], an i-Pod, a cell phone, a thumb drive, a GPS device, chapstick, tire pressure gauges, a package of paper towels, an opened bottle of Gaterade, bandaids, and an ink pen [and a pair of planted gloves with MIT officer Collier's blood on them]. Also at the scene in Watertown were two backpacks: Tamerlan's backpack contained bullets leftover from their trip to a gun range a month earlier, and Dzhokhar's backpack contained fireworks leftover from Spring Break at the end of March.

The Tsarnaves allegedly were fleeing to escape the FBI manhunt yet they didn't pack any clothing or personal items, not even toothbrushes. And in Tamerlan's wallet (found on the back seat of their Honda Civic) was only $19. What happened to the $800 they allegedly stole from Meng by withdrawing it from his checking account via an ATM [the timestamp on the withdrawal was 11:19 PM; an hour later, at 12:19 AM, Deng escaped]? There was no mention at trial if Dzhokhar had a wallet when captured and there was no explanation of the missing $800.


From the movie, "A Few Good Men:"

"After Dawson and Downey's arrest, Santiago's room was inventoried. Four pairs of camouflage pants, three khaki shirts, boots. Four pairs of socks... Why hadn't Santiago packed? He was asleep at midnight, and you say he had a flight in six hours. Yet everything he owned was in his closet or his footlocker. For one day, you packed and made three calls. Santiago was leaving for the rest of his life. And he hadn't called a soul or packed a thing. Can you explain that?"

Why didn't the FBI release footage from the dashboard cameras of the many cop cars on the scene in Watertown where Tamerlan was killed? Instead, Andrew Kitzenberg's out of focus, dark and long-distance iPhone snapshots from a third-story window of his home were submitted into evidence. Hundreds of media outlets published his photos and his dubious descriptions of what was depicted in the images.

"Each of these pictures on this page together with the description of them are individually licensed by Andrew Kitzenberg with the requirement of attribution to Andrew Ktizenberg and a reference to his company’s website under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. For anyone looking to purchase 8GB BOSTON STRONG USB Wristbands from (whose proceeds will go to the One Fund Boston, Inc. to help the victims who were most affected by the Boston Marathon bombing), go here."

Ktizenberg was called by the prosecution to testify because what he says supports the government's story. He doesn't have video, just blurry snapshots. Both Andrew Kitzenberg and FBI agent David Green were involved in falsely laying the blame on Dzhokhar Tsarnaev. How convenient that Green pulled out his smartphone just in time to catch Dzhokhar running away from the second blast site. According to the Las Vegas Sun, David Green clearly is implicated in framing the brothers:

“Seconds after the bombs exploded, David Green from Jacksonville, Florida, pulled out his smart-phone and took a photo of the chaos developing a couple hundred yards in front of him — the smoke, the people running in panic.”

In addition to not releasing any footage from dashboard cameras on police vehicles, why didn't the FBI analyze the Garmin GPS found in the Tsarnaevs' Honda to confirm the brothers whereabouts that day. At trial, they presented a detailed analysis of their travels on March 6, 2013 using the Garmin GPS data, but didn't do the same for the most important days, April 15 through April 18, 2013, and all the days leading up to the bombings when they were allegedly making the bombs.

The Tsarnaev brothers arrived at the Boston Marathon on April 15, 2013 at 2:37:40 PM. Twelve minutes after they arrived, at 02:49:56 PM, the first bomb exploded (the second bomb exploded 12 seconds later, at 02:50:08 PM). According to the FBI, during the 12 minutes that the brothers walked two blocks on Boylston Street before the bombs exploded, 70 images or videos of them were captured and submitted for analysis. This is not hard to believe since there was an FBI agent on the lookout for them at the corner of Bolyston and Gloucester Streets at the exact moment they arrived, another agent taking photos of them as they stood in front of the Back Bay Social Club, and another two agents at the Forum restaurant where Dzhokhar stopped and waited for his brother, who had passed Forum a few minutes before him and had continued up the street toward the finish line, where he waited to meet his FBI confidential informant or where his confidential informant told him to leave his backpack as part of the bomb drill. Additionally, there were other agents near the finish line, capturing images of Tamerlan standing in front of Lenscrafters.
Before he was murdered by law enforcement employees on April 19, 2013, Tamerlan Tsarnaev shouted, "We didn't do it!" (video below).

Wake Up America - The Truth about the Boston Marathon Bombings

FBI agent Christian Fierabend testified that the Fagor Elite pressure cookers used for the two bombs at the marathon on April 15, 2013, and for the two bombs on Laurel Street in Watertown on April 19, 2013, were sold exclusively by Macy's department store. Fierabend testified that 6-quart pressure cookers were used for the marathon bombs and 4-quart pressure cookers were used for the Watertown bombs (only one of the Watertown bombs was detonated). This would be a total of two 4-quart and two 6-quart Fagor pressure cookers from Macy's, for a grand total of four pressure cookers between the marathon and Watertown bombs.

Using Macy's records, Fierabend tracked every purchase in the U.S. between August 2012 and April 2013 of Fagor Elites. Of the 74 pressure cookers sold in the Northwest in that period, five were paid by cash. Three of the five cash purchases were in Massachusetts. Of the three cash purchases in Massachusetts, a 4-quart and a 6-quart pressure cooker were purchased at the same time in Saugus (conflicting coverage of the trial from another reporter via Twitter said that two were purchased in Boston and one in Saugus, and they were the 4-quart size).

Using Macy's sales record for the entire country and data from GPS devices used by the Tsarnaevs, Fierabend was able to determine when and where Tamerlan may have purchased the Fagor pressure cookers.

On January 31, 2013, Tamerlan's GPS showed a stop at Square One Mall in Saugus between 8:12 p.m. and 8:42 p.m. Macy’s records indicate that two pressure cookers were sold in Saugus at 8:38 p.m.: one 4-quart and one 6-quart Fagor Elite. The purchases were four minutes before the GPS tracked the car moving again, leaving the mall. Virtually the entire case was caught on surveillance cameras yet Fierabend testified that there was no surveillance video from Macy's or the mall (he also testified that, remarkably, there also was no surveillance video for the two Walmarts where the Tsarnaevs allegedly purchased boxes of BBs).

The prosecution presented to the jury a cash receipt for two Fagor pressure cookers bought at the Macy's in Square One Mall in Saugus. The Saugus cash receipt is dated January 31, 2013 at 8:13 PM with no name given; Fierabend acknowledges that he can't say who made the purchase. The FBI did not find any receipts for pressure cookers among the Tsarnaevs' possessions, so the receipt shown to the jury must have been generated by Macy's for the FBI (a commenter at emptywheel's website noted that he couldn’t find the Macy's pressure cooker receipt in the government’s exhibits). The FBI said that in Tamerlan's wallet were receipts for a remote control car, soldering kit, screwdriver set, $40 worth of ammunition purchased at a New Hampshire gun range which the brothers visited a few weeks before the Boston Marathon, two backpacks, and a $900 MoneyGram wired to his mother the day before the bombings.

If Tamerlan purchased the two Fagor pressure cookers in Saugus on January 31, 2013 (based on the FBI's nationwide search of purchases and a comparison of his GPS data) but four Fagor pressure cookers were discovered (two which exploded at the marathon, one which exploded in Watertown, and another one which was found intact in Watertown), who purchased the other two? Plus, two 4-quart pressure cookers allegedly purchased by Tamerlan were found in Watertown, yet the FBI has the sales record for only one. And of the two 6-quart pressure cookers bombs detonated at the marathon, only one was allegedly purchased by Tamerlan. Since the FBI had the records for all sales of the Fagor Elite pressure cookers, did they investigate this further and try to determine the purchaser of the other 6-quart pressure cookers used for one of the marathon bombs (the defense did not make these points or ask these questions at trial)?

The pressure cooker bomb that was detonated in Watertown was unlike the ones detonated at the marathon: it was the 4-quart size and it was not filled with nails, BBs, etc. An FBI bomb expert testified that the pressure cooker bomb detonated in Watertown was found embedded in the side of a car (evidence photo below): it did not explode so much as “act as a projectile,” with other pieces of it, such as the handle and lid, "found strewn about the neighborhood."

One more thing about the pressure cookers. There was part of a lid and a gasket from a pressure cooker at Tamerlan's apartment, which means there must be one more pressure cooker for which there is no record of purchase. 

A year after the bombings, in May 2014, federal prosecutors said the Tsarnaev brothers might have received help in building the two bombs that exploded at the 2013 Boston Marathon, although they did not identify any potential suspects except to suggest the pair were inspired by Al Qaeda operatives overseas. In May 2014 court papers, prosecutors said Dzhokhar and Tamerlan had emptied hundreds of packages of fireworks to create fuel for the bombs. However, according to the document, no powder residue was found in Tamerlan's 800 SF apartment that he shared with his wife and two-year old daughter, no powder residue was found in Dzhokhar's dorm room which he shared with a classmate, and no powder residue was found in their three vehicles, "strongly suggesting that others had built, or at least helped the Tsarnaevs build, the bombs, and thus might have built more" explosive devices.

A year later, during Dzhokhar's trial in March 2015, the federal government changed its story. Michael Knapp — who works with the Terrorist Explosive Device Analytical Center (TEDAC) in Quantico, Virginia — testified that the bombs allegedly made by Tamerlan and Dzhokhar were “not that sophisticated.” He also stated that investigators found explosives residue in the Tamerlan's apartment on Norfolk Street in Cambridge and in their vehicles. Both of these assertions directly contradict what the public had been led to believe since the April 2013 Boston Marathon bombing — based not only on what law enforcement told the media, but also on the prosecution’s own statements. Despite these glaring discrepancies, Knapp’s testimony at trial went unchallenged by the defense.

James Henry and Lara Turner reported on the discrepancies. The following is an excerpt (click here to read the full report):
The reason for the defense’s silence seems clear. With the prosecution trying to paint the brothers as “lone wolves” who acted without any outside help, the defense has focused on saving Dzhokhar from the death penalty by blaming the defendant’s actions on older brother Tamerlan. As a result, both sides appear content to ignore the possibility that others were involved in the planning or facilitation of the bombing — even though the government once contended that this might be the case. Testimony [at Dzhokhar's trial] is a case study in how language can be twisted to gain a legal advantage, while leaving potentially significant matters of fact unexplored.

On panels inside the boat in which he hid all day after police SWAT teams, sharpshooters and FBI agents killed his brother, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev wrote (images below):
"I am jealous of my brother who has received the reward of Jannutal Firdaus (insballah) before me. I do not mourn because his soul is very much alive. God has a plan for each person. Mine was to hide in this boat and shed some light on our actions. I ask Allah to make me a shahied (iA) to allow me to return to him and be among all the righteous people in the highest levels of heaven. He who Allah guides no one can misguide.

I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is high messenger (bullet hole) actions came with(bullet hole) a (bullet hole)sege and that is (bullet hole)a Illalah. The US Government is killing our innocent civilians but most of you already know that. (blood streak) a (bullet hole) I can't stand to see much evil go unpunished, (blood streak) Muslims are one body you hurt one (blood streak) you hurt us all, well at least that's how Muhammad (blood streak) wanted it to be forever, the ummad is beginning to rise/awa(bullet hole) has awoken the Mujahideen, know you are fighting men who look into the barrel of your gun and see heaven, now how can you compete with that. We are promised victory and we will surely get it. Now I don't like killing innocent people, it is forgiven in Islam but due to sai(bullet hole) it is allowed. All credit goes (huge, suspicious hole not caused by a bullet, which probably was caused by government "agents" to explain why the sentence they added to the notes is carved into wood panels instead)."
Prosecutors "released the note" in May 2014, and said he wrote:
“I’m jealous of my brother who ha[s] [re]ceived the reward of jannutul Firdaus (inshallah) before me. I do not mourn because his soul is very much alive. God has a plan for each person. Mine was to hide in this boat and shed some light on our actions. I ask Allah to make me a shahied (iA) to allow me to return to him and be among all the righteous people in the highest levels of heaven. He who Allah guides no one can misguide. A[llah Ak]bar! The US Government is killing our innocent civilians but most of you already know that. As a [UI] I can’t stand to see such evil go unpunished, we Muslims are one body, you hurt one you hurt us all. Well at least that’s how muhhammad (pbuh) wanted it to be [for]ever, the ummah is beginning to rise/[UI] has awoken the mujahideen, know you are fighting men who look into the barrel of your gun and see heaven, now how can you compete with that. We are promised victory and we will surely get it. Now I don’t like killing innocent people it is forbidden in Islam but due to said [UI] it is allowed. All credit goes [UI]. Stop killing our innocent people and we will stop.”
[Jannat ul Firdaus is an Islamic term referring to the highest level in paradise and shahied means "witness" and is also used to denote "martyr."]

Below is the government's transcription of, and commentary on, Tsarnaev's note in the boat from a court document dated May 21, 2014.

Below is the government's transcription presented at Tsarnaev's trial in 2015, after his attorney told the jury in opening statements that "he did it."

Take notice that in the government's 2014 transcription of Tsarnaev's note, which was written in lowercase in pencil on the boat panels, the sentence, "I bear witness that there is no God but Allah and that Muhammad is high messenger (bullet hole) actions came with(bullet hole) a (bullet hole)sege and that is (bullet hole)a Illalah," was eliminated, and in its place was added: "A[llah Ak]bar!"  

Also take notice of the government's claim that Tsarnaev wrote, in mostly capital letters, carved into boards which were attached to the boat, "Stop killing our innocent people and we will stop" (image below).

The wood carving is highly suspicious and doesn't match the handwriting in pencil. At Tsarnaev's trial in March 2015, Michael Nealon, a special agent with the FBI, testified that the carving into the boards was discovered after a fire extinguisher was discharged, which highlighted the carvings. The boards were brought to court, and prosecutors showed them to jurors for maximum impact.

Jurors where brought to the boat at an undisclosed location. The boat was on a trailer, tires flat, on top of a flatbed truck. First, jurors walked outside the the boat, and then jurors were elevated to see the boat from higher up. They were lifted, two by two, on forklift, with an FBI agent escort, to look into the boat. Jurors viewed the boat for a half hour, but nobody could walk inside the boat. All viewing was done while outside the boat, so it would have been difficult to read Dzhokhar's note. The writing was faint: the first half of the note was on the rail and the second half was below the rail. The note was written on the side that contained the most bullet holes. Bullet damage was of great interest to jurors, perhaps because the gunfire was not part of the testimony at trial. Press reporters said they counted 110 bullet holes, but it was not clear if they were entry or exit holes: 15 starboard, 15 on stern, 68 on port side, 10 on the railing. The two vertical streaks of dried blood were visible. As noted above, the two panels with the suspicious carving had been removed from the boat and brought to the courtroom and shown to the jury for maximum impact.

Since his arrest, Dzhokhar Tsarnaev has been blocked from giving media interviews, so he was incapable of disputing the inaccuracy of the government's 2014 transcription of the notes in the boat. He did not testify during his trial, probably in fear that his family in the U.S. would be, in the least, incarcerated on bogus charges, and, at the worst, killed by government employees (thugs with badges and guns).

In the trial by press — where shadowy government sources, speaking anonymously, planted strategic leaks into the mass media — it has been widely reported that Dzhokhar, in the notes written in the boat, "denounced the U.S. for its wars in Muslim countries" and wrote that he couldn't stand to see the U.S. government "go unpunished" for killing Muslims. In the Tsarnaev case, the government fed inaccurate prejudicial information (usually anonymously) to the press, implying Tamerlan and Dzhokhar’s guilt, despite having flimsy or no evidence. In the most extreme example, prosecutors had to completely recant their accusation that the brothers robbed a 7-Eleven.

The truth is simple to understand unlike the convoluted mess of lies spread by the government. It is a crime to make false statements to law enforcement personnel but it is legal for them to lie to you. Apparently is it not a crime for the prosecution to lie about the facts of a case to the press and during the trial, and for its witnesses to lie on the stand under oath. This is why you should never answer questions by government employees such as the police and FBI — you have the right to remain silent and you have the right to legitimate expectation of privacy (of your person, clothing, purse, luggage, vehicle, house, apartment, hotel room, and place of business, to name a few examples). The police will misconstrue what you say and fabricate, alter, hide, plant and destroy evidence to help the prosecution convict you, and judges will be biased against you and lenient with the prosecution, who work for the same system they do.
"It is far harder to promulgate a lie than to simply tell the truth."
The U.S. Government has become like the brutal governments of other countries. For example, former Washington Post reporter David Satter argued convincingly in his 2003 book on Russia, Darkness at Dawn, that the Russian government had directed deadly and incomprehensible bombings of Russian apartment buildings in 1999, which killed 300 people — to justify a new invasion of Chechnya and to speed Putin’s rise. In the Boston Marathon bombing case, the U.S. government fabricated, altered and withheld evidence, so don't put it past them to plant evidence and entrap associates of the Tsarnaev brothers and threaten them with imprisonment to get them to give false testimony to frame the Tsarnaevs' for the bombings.

The notes written in pencil were written on panels on the left side of the boat. The prosecution claims that Tsarnaev carved another sentence into the boards to the right of the panels. The panels were obstructed by a boat seat and would have been difficult to reach (see the photos below of evidence presented at Tsarnaev's trial). There was plenty of room left on the panels to write another sentence, and there was plenty of lead on the pencil tip (plus there was another pencil still in the toolbox), so why would Tsarnaev carve a sentence on the wood panels (is is unclear if the prosecution presented evidence of the tool he allegedly used to carve the sentence).

On March 10, 2015, Boston police officer Todd Brown, a bomb technician with the Explosive Ordnance Unit, was called to the stand by prosecutors. He explained his background and how he works with the explosives unit that responds to suspicious packages, among other things. He testified that he was part of the explosives team during the 2013 Boston Marathon and that he responded to the scene after the bombs went off "to clear packages, make sure there were no other devices." His job was to make sure there were no more explosive devices on Boylston Street, including sometimes using a "controlled explosion" when seeing something suspicious.

Brown testified that on April 19, 2013 that he went to the Boston neighborhood of Watertown and that there were about six bomb technicians on the scene. He said: "There was a suspect in a boat. We were going to have to clear the boat." He testified that Dzhokhar Tsarnaev was arrested and placed on a stretcher. Brown said he then entered the boat to "sweep" it "for any booby traps." He found no dangerous items but noticed "something written inside the boat." Brown testified: "It was written with a pencil" inside the hull of the boat. He said he noticed bullet holes in the boat, from the police shooting and that there was blood in the boat.

The prosecution presented the photos to the jury and read to the jury the government's transcription of Tsarnaev's notes.

The Guardian reported that jurors in the trial of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev visited the blood-stained and gunshot-riddled boat in which he was captured on April 19, 2013, and walked around the boat, taking notes, and then went two at a time onto an elevator so they could look inside the vessel, which was on a trailer: 
Jurors in the trial of Dzhokhar Tsarnaev visited the blood-stained and gunshot riddled boat in which he was captured on April 19, 2013, hiding under its tarpaulin. The jurors walked around the outside of the boat and peered inside. Tsarnaev, flanked by three attorneys and U.S. marshals, watched from a table about 50 feet away. The red and white boat is covered with more than 100 bullet holes, marked individually with small pieces of white evidence tape. One of the boat’s two front windows is shot out almost completely, with just one shattered piece of glass remaining. Jurors walked around the boat, taking notes, and then went two at a time on to an elevator so they could look inside the vessel, which was on a trailer. Inside the boat, which is called the Slipaway II, they could see the note Tsarnaev wrote. The note, written in pencil, is speckled with bullet holes and stained with long streaks of blood. The boat is considered evidence and is impounded by the government. The trial judge ruled that its location could not be revealed to ensure the security of jurors and the defendant.
ABC News reported on May 16, 2013 that police in Massachusetts told them Tsarnaev wrote "F*** America" on the side panel of the boat, and that officers said they also discovered the phrase "Praise Allah" on the boat's side panels and several anti-American screeds, including references to Iraq, Afghanistan and "the infidels." Based on photos of the panels presented at trial, Tsarnaev didn't write F*** America or praise Allah nor did he make any reference to Iraq, Afghanistan or infidels; however, he did write about Allah.

Also according to ABC News on May 16, 2013: "Spokespeople for the Massachusetts State Police and the Watertown police had denied the existence of the writings when first asked about them by ABC News two weeks ago." The following is the rest of that report by ABC News.
A Massachusetts official showed ABC News what he said was a cell phone picture of the phrase "Praise Allah," written in black ink, with a bullet hole above it, believed to have been written by Dzhokhar as he hid inside the boat. Also seen in the picture was the faintly written word "brother," which the official said was part of a reference by the younger Tsarnaev "that was something about his brother is lucky to be with Allah first."

Today, both departments referred reporters to the FBI. A federal law enforcement official confirmed reports first broadcast by CBS News that writings had been discovered inside the boat.

The discovery of writings intensified tensions between the FBI and local police when FBI agents believed some Boston officers and state police had taken cell phone pictures of the writing.

FBI agents demanded the phones of all officers at the scene the night of the capture of Dzhokhar be confiscated to avoid the photos becoming public before being used as evidence at trial, according to two law enforcement officials.

A FBI spokesperson said agents cannot confiscate phones without a warrant and officials said none of the police approached would agree to turn over their phones to the FBI.

The prosecution presented as evidence the phone calls between the two brothers immediately before and after the bombs exploded. The phone calls placed after the bombings are not suspicious because if you had been attending the event with someone and were separated at the time of the explosions, you instinctively would call to check and see if the other was unharmed.

Compare the phone records presented at trial (the image above) to what CNN reported on April 8, 2105: The times listed by CNN are incorrect. CNN incorrectly reported
At 2:48 p.m. Dzhokhar calls Tamerlan on the prepaid cell phone (this was suggested in releases to the press but not confirmed) and speaks with him briefly; and then seconds after hanging up, at 2:49 p.m., Tamerlan detonates the first bomb in front of Marathon Sports. About 12 seconds later, at 2:49 p.m., Dzhokhar sets off the second bomb in front of the Forum restaurant.
On March 10, 2015, with the inflammatory headline, "Tsarnaev's 'manifesto': OK to kill civilians," CNN reported the following:
The bombs went off at 2:49 and 2:50 p.m., about the same time as he [Dzhokhar Tsarnaev] exchanged phone calls with his brother. FBI agents were already in pursuit, collecting store security videos and looking for somebody suspicious in the marathon crowd. By Wednesday night, authorities had a good idea who they were looking for. By Thursday night, his photo had been released to the public. By the next morning, his brother was dead, and Tsarnaev was hiding in the boat, writing of martyrdom and paradise.
According to testimony at Tsarnaev's trial, he first called Tamerlan's cell phone "50 seconds before the bombing" (it was a 19-second call). Looking at Tsarnaev's phone records (image above of the government's exhibit), you can see that the call was made at 02:49:06 PM, so that would mean the first bomb exploded at 02:49:56 PM (four seconds shy of 2:50 PM). The second bomb exploded 12 seconds later, at 02:50:08 PM.

From the government's exhibit of Dzhokhar's phone records, you can see that there were no phone calls on April 15, 2013 before 2:49 PM. The brothers didn't arrive at the marathon until 2:37 PM, stopping first in front of the Back Bay Social Club, then continuing down the street toward the Forum restaurant, which Tamerlan, who reached it first, passed and continued down the street toward the finish line; when Dzhokhar arrived at Forum, he stopped and watched the race from the sidewalk (see the explanation and photos below).

According to a reporter covering the trial, the Forum's surveillance video shows Dzhokhar appearing to put down his backpack at 2:45 PM, four minutes before the first bomb down the street was detonated (which is irrelevant since his white backpack was not used in the bombings, a fact ignored by the press, attorneys and witnesses). So, according to the government's exhibit of Dzhokhar's phone records, he stood at the Forum for four minutes before calling his brother. The surveillance footage from the Forum restaurant (see the government's video exhibit below) contradicts the government's exhibit of Dzhokhar's phone records: he is on and off his phone throughout the four minutes he stood in front of the restaurant.

Video Of Tsarnaev Brothers Around Boylston Street On Day Of Boston Marathon Bombing

According to the government's exhibit, the three phone calls between the two brothers on April 15, 2013 were at:
  1. 02:49:06 p.m. (outgoing to Tamerlan) - the first bomb near where Tamerlan had been standing exploded 50 seconds later
  2. 02:51:19 p.m. (incoming from Tamerlan) - this is one minute and 11 seconds after the second bomb exploded near where Dzhokhar had been standing
  3. 02:53:30 p.m. (outgoing to Tamerlan)

MUST SEE: FBI Blurred Secret Agent In Boston Marathon Bombing Footage!

FBI Secret Agent's Face, Not Blurred

FBI Secret Agent's Earpiece

1. At 02:37:40 p.m., about ten minutes before the first bomb exploded, the brothers turned the corner from Gloucester Street onto Boylston Street, passing a man, probably an FBI agent, standing in the doorway of Whiskey's Steakhouse at 885 Boylson (see map above), seemingly trying to stay out of view of surveillance cameras. These are the first images of the brothers at the marathon.

2. After the two brothers passed him, the agent put what appears to be an earpiece in his ear (see the video above: "MUST SEE: FBI Blurred Secret Agent in Boston Marathon Bombing Footage!"). The FBI blurred the face of the agent in videos released to the public. However, there was an image online where the agent's face wasn't blurred (see the image above labeled, "FBI Secret Agent's Face, Not Blurred"). The official images provided by the FBI showed the patsies allegedly carrying the bombs, while probably being supervised directly by the undercover feds (judging by the blurred faces).

3. Immediately after they passed the agent, the brothers stopped next door, in front of the Back Bay Social Club at 867 Boylston Street (see map and images above). They were photographed standing there together at 02:41 p.m., as if waiting for instructions at a predetermined time before moving to their next locations, and as if someone was positioned to take photographs/video of them for evidence (this does not appear to be CCTV video or surveillance from the high-resolution cameras on the street corners but rather snapshots from a handheld camera). This is the last image of them together at the marathon.

4. The brothers continued down Boylston Street to the Forum restaurant, which Tamerlan reached first, but didn't stop and instead continued down the street toward the finish line; when Dzhokhar got to the Forum, he stopped and watched the marathon.

5. Each brother was caught on surveillance before the blasts, standing without the other, in the location of a bomb site (see map above): Tamerlan was in front of Lencrafters near the finish line, the first bomb site (first photo below), and Dzhokhar was 550 feet away in front of the Forum restaurant, the second bomb site (see photos below under Woody Box's analysis).

6. According to the government's exhibit, the first call between them was made at 02:49:06 p.m., 50 seconds before the first explosion. An image of Dzhokhar (see below) shows him with his phone to his ear while those around him watch the marathon.

7. According to the government's exhibit, the second call between them was made at 02:51:19 p.m., one minute and 11 seconds after the second bomb exploded near where Dzhokhar had been standing

8. According to the government's exhibit, the third call between them was made at 02:53:30 p.m.

9. The brothers did not leave town after the marathon. They went on with life as normal. Three days afther the bombings, the FBI released surveillance video of them with a plea for help in identifying them — even though they already knew them by name and where they lived, etc. It is also interesting that the FBI told the public in a press conference not to consider any other images: “These images should be the only ones, and I emphasize the only ones, that the public should view to assist us.” reported that because of Russia's security services, the Tsarnaevs' mother claimed the FBI had been monitoring her sons ever since 2011 and led them along "every step of the way." In an article titled, "They were set up, FBI followed them for years" — Tsarnaevs' mother," it stated of their mother:
Her biggest suspicion surrounding the case was the constant FBI surveillance she said her family was subjected to over the years. She is surprised that having been so stringent with the entire family, the FBI had no idea the sons were supposedly planning a terrorist act.
The WSJ reported:
The profile of the Boston bombing in many ways resembles a number of the recent foiled plots, a federal law-enforcement official said. They have been small with little or no intelligence chatter, and have involved suspects who have been in the U.S. for several years and appeared to have assimilated.
On April 19, 2013, Land Destroyer covered the story. The following is an excerpt:
What the WSJ categorically fails to mention is that these "foiled plots" were from start to finish engineered by the FBI itself, with suspects under "constant FBI surveillance," just as Tsarnaevs' mother had claimed of her sons.

And, in fact, they are led along every step of the way in the lead-up to high-profile arrests. What is also subsequently left out by the WSJ is that during these undercover operations, real vehicles, weapons, and explosives are involved, and usually switched out for inert items right before the final attack and arrests are made.

A look at the FBI's "foiled plots" will reveal shocking implications about just how deeply the FBI may have been involved with these suspects before the bombing, shootout, and manhunt.

The frightening trend of the FBI cultivating otherwise incapable "terror" suspects — providing them with real explosives, small arms and grenades before giving them inert or controlled devices to carry out attacks on public targets where mass casualties are averted only at the last possible moment — sets the stage for, at the very least, incredible potential for catastrophic blunders and, at worst, false flag attacks.

But does this mean the FBI is capable of turning such operations "live," resulting in real terror attacks and loss of life? Has the FBI ever presided over "sting operations" that were actually carried out? The answer is yes.

The image below from the marathon shows that the first bomb exploded around 4:09:93 after the official start time (a video shows that it exploded at 4:09:52 after the race began).

After the bombings, the FBI stated that both of the marathon pressure-cooker bombs (two 6-quart, Fagor Elites, sold at Macy's) were in black vinyl backpacks.

Dzhokhar's backpack was white (there is no evidence of it in the government's exhibits), and Tamerlan's was dark gray with light gray trim (there is no actual evidence of it in the government's exhibits). Neither backpack is black and neither has light gray/white striping on the straps, as shown in a photo of one of the exploded bombs (see images below). The FBI says the black vinyl bag that contained the first bomb was a Ful backpack and the black vinyl bag containing the second bomb was a Fox backpack.

Remarkably, the FBI, the attorneys for both sides, prosecution witnesses, and the press continue to present Dzhokhar's white backpack as the one containing the second bomb that exploded at the marathon. This is all you need to prove that the Tsarnaevs were setup.

The FBI released to the press in April 2013 the photo below. Conveniently, Dzhokhar's backpack is not visible so you can't see that it is white, but in other images above and below, you can clearly see that it is white.

At Tsarnaev's trial, federal prosecutors showed jurors tattered pieces of a backpack that they claim Dzhokhar used to carry one of the bombs detonated at the marathon. FBI Agent Sarah De Lair held up pieces of the black and white backpack for the jury. She said they were found near the Forum restaurant, where Tsarnaev planted and detonated a bomb. This is a lie: shortly after the bombings, the FBI released the photo below of the exploded Fox backpack at the second bomb site. Apparently, that photo was not entered as evidence at the trial and has been completely disregarded by both sides of the case because it proves that Dzhokhar's backpack could not have contained one of the detonated bombs.

The images of a Fox backpack below are similar to the one photographed in front of the second bomb site, except the backpack containing the bomb had light gray straps.

The photos below show a black Fox backpack which contained the bomb detonated at the second bomb site. This is the location where Dzhokhar had been standing behind the tree shortly before the explosion, as captured by the restaurant's surveillance camera.

Below is a photo of the Forum's railing, which sections off the patio from the sidewalk. The black backpack had been placed at the corner of the patio railing (see Who are the Real Boston Marathon Bombers? Part 2). Most importantly, and clearly not mentioned during Tsarnaev's trial, is the fact that all photo and video evidence of Dzhokhar at the Boston Marathon shows him carrying a white backpack.

Another backpack of Dzhokhar's, a light gray plaid Jansport, which is one of the government's exhibit, was in his dorm room after the bombings. According to the FBI, a friend of his took it from his dorm room and threw it in a dumpster (the friend was convicted of obstruction of justice for doing this). Even though this backpack has no relevancy to the actual bombings, the prosecution called FBI agent Kenneth Benton to testify that he found this Jansport backpack in a landfill near New Bedford. He said that in the backpack they found UMass homework papers, a thumb drive and fireworks.

The government refused the defense's request for the prosecution to provide the surveillance video from Lord & Taylor, which showed a dark-skinned male planting a black backpack in front of the Forum restaurant (click here for Forum employees' accounts of the explosion).

The second bomb blew outward from the Forum restaurant patio toward the street and doorway (you can see in photos below that one of the barriers was blown clear across the street). The coroner who performed the autopsy on Martin Richard testified that majority of his injuries were to the left side of his body (see the images below to determine that the blast must have come from the patio of Forum).

Prosecutors presented evidence of backpacks purchased at Target a day before the bombings: one Ful backpack and one Jansport backpack. [A Jansport backpack was found on Laurel Street in Watertown on April 19th, four days after the bombings (see image below after the Target receipts), so it is irrelevant to the marathon bombings.] The FBI said both backpacks containing the bombs were black. An FBI said testified that in front of Marathon Sports they "found pieces of Ful backpack" in which a bomb was hidden (see the government's exhibit of the "remains of backpack").

Below are photos of black backpacks at the the first bomb site near Lenscrafters, but these backpacks were not submitted as evidence in the trial. The larger photo below shows remains of black backpacks similar to remains in the evidence photo above. However, for the most part, the two black backpacks in the images below were still in one piece, yet this is not what the government wants the public and jury to believe. Tamerlan's backpack was not as black in color as the remains in the evidence photo above or the images of the two backpacks below, a fact that both sides of the case have ignored, which proves that the defense was working with the feds to convict Dzhokhar and which proves that the Tsarnaevs were framed.

Tamerlan, who was an out-of-work boxer living in a 800 SF apartment with his wife and toddler daughter, sent his mother $900 the day before the bombings, supporting evidence that he was recruited and paid by his FBI handler to participate in the bomb drills at the marathon, as tweeted by the Boston police.


At the first bomb site near the finish line, the bomb blew out the windows at Lenscrafters as well as glass in the entry door of 673 Boylston, between Lenscrafters and Marathon Sports (see photos below). In the video above, which was taken by an individual at the first bomb site, you can see wounded on the other side of the railing that was in front of Marathon Sports, suggesting that the bomb was placed by the railing in front of Marathon Sports but positioned on the side of the railing that bordered the Lenscrafters' building, since many of the victims ended up in that area.

In the image below, you can see a spindle on the railing is missing and the poster covering the entire railing is torn near that section, which was damage most likely caused by the bomb when it was detonated.

Below is a closeup of a black backpack at the first bomb site. It matches the dark black remains of a backpack that the government photographed as evidence in Dzhokhar's trial (see image above: "photo of remains of backpack"). The image was cut from the photo below it after zooming in on it.

In the photo below you can see the exploded backpack laying on the sidewalk beside the red bags; you can also see another black backpack by the feet of one of the first responders, but this one is still intact.

In the photos below are members of a bomb squad, who performed a "controlled explosion" of a backpack found at the first bomb site. This was Tamerlan's backpack. It did not contain a pressure cooker bomb.

Three days after the bombings, on April 18, 2015, the brother of one of the victims, Jeff Bauman, who lost both legs above the knee, said in an interview with The Telegraph that two and a half minutes before the first bomb exploded, a man wearing a cap, sunglasses and a black jacket over a hooded sweatshirt looked at Jeff and dropped a bag at his feet. “He woke up under so much drugs, asked for a paper and pen and wrote, ‘bag, saw the guy, looked right at me,’” Jeff's brother said. The Telegraph wrote: "The FBI was able to narrow its inquiries down to two suspects who were related from tens of thousands of people pictured in the area before the attacks. The information triggered the manhunt that culminated in the car chase and shoot-outs that shut down Boston."

The bag that Jeff saw Tamerlan place on the sidewalk was not the one that contained the bomb that was detonated at the first location. There were victims on the other side of the railing in front of Marathon Sports, opposite where Tamerlan stood beside Jeff (photos below), so the bomb had to have been placed near the railing. The windows of the Lenscrafters' building, and the glass in the door of the adjacent building, were shattered when the first bomb was detonated during the marathon (see the photos below, which include the door after it was repaired). Judging from the location of the victims of the first bomb site, the first bomb was placed near the patio railing in front of Marathon Sports but on the side that bordered Lenscrafters (click here to see more photos).

It is noteworthy that the bombs at both locations where placed beside patio railings.

Prosecutors claim a cash receipt for one Ful backpack and one Jansport backpack was found in Tamerlan's wallet (see image below). The backpacks found on Laurel Street after Tamerlan was killed were presented as evidence at Dzkohkar's trial (see photos below). Tamerlan's backpack contained a box of ammunition; Dzkohkar's contained some fireworks.

On February 6, 2013, Dzkohkar had traveled to New Hampshire where he legally purchased fireworks in Seabrook. Dzkohkar mostly likely purchased the fireworks for end-of-March Spring Break, to which he had been looking forward, based on his tweets on March 12th and 15th (see below). It was not presented at trial that his friends told the Boston Globe that Dzkohkar liked to play with BB guns and liked to light fireworks for fun. However, during the penalty phase of his trial, two young women, who were part of Dzkohkar's regular off-campus gatherings of a close group of friends from Cambridge, testified for him. They testified that the last time they were all together was Spring Break 2013: they were shooting off fireworks from Jahar's backpack along the banks of the Charles River, and Jahar was dancing through the sparks.

Who are the Real Boston Marathon Bombers? Part 2

Photos from the First Bomb Site Near the Finish Line
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